You may be suffering from tooth sensitivity to cold if you feel pain after eating cold foods or having cold drinks. The cold-sensitivity of teeth is not an uncommon issue but you need to know about the difference between cold-sensitive teeth and tooth decay or gum disease. The sensitivity to cold occurs when the nerves within the teeth are exposed due to worn tooth enamel or gum recession.
Reasons for the tooth sensitivity to cold
There are a number of reasons you might start having sensitivity to cold temperatures. Some of those reasons are worth mentioning in this regard.
- Tooth decay and gum disease are among the top reasons for tooth sensitivity to cold as well as hot foods. If your cold-sensitive teeth hurt even when you are not eating or drinking something, you need to get your teeth and gums checked for the early signs of tooth decay and gum disease.
- Brushing your teeth too hard can lead to the wearing out of tooth enamel. This wearing out can result in the tooth sensitivity to cold foods. Consumption of acidic foods is also detrimental to tooth enamel as such foods tend to dissolve the tooth enamel.
- Grinding of teeth can also put the teeth at great danger. When you grind your teeth, the chewing side of the teeth wears down due to pressure coming from the teeth in the opposite jaw. This wearing down of enamel on chewing side exposes dentin and pulp of the teeth. This pulp mainly consists of nerves which keep the tooth alive. And these are the very nerves which are too sensitive for hot and cold temperatures.
- The development of cracks in the teeth is pretty normal. However, these cracks can get bigger and deeper with the passage of time. The deeper cracks serve as the pathways to nerves in the teeth. As a result, the nerves are exposed the teeth feel sensitive to varying temperatures.
- Gum recession is another reason for the teeth to feel sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. When the gums recede, they expose the part of the tooth that is not covered by tooth enamel. As a result, this part of the tooth comes in direct contact with the hot and cold foods; and the temperature change is felt by the nerves.
Home remedies to tooth sensitivity
If you have sensitive teeth and you feel pain while eating and drinking hot and cold foods, you may have to avoid hot and cold foods and beverages. Or you can change the way you eat such foods, e.g. you can lick ice cream instead of biting on it. Moreover, you will need to use a soft toothbrush in order to avoid any further damage to your teeth. As a matter of fact, you should always brush your teeth with soft toothbrush even if you are not affected by the issue of tooth sensitivity.
To treat the tooth sensitivity at home, you can use toothpaste for tooth sensitivity. However, you need to keep it in mind that use of toothpaste for sensitive teeth is just a temporary solution to keep the pain at bay. You need to visit the dentist to get the tooth sensitivity treated.