Dental Procedures

Comparison between Root Canal and Dental Implant

The main focus of modern dentistry is to help the dental patients retain their natural teeth. We are not talking about the preventative dental care. We are talking about the ways to treat infections to restore the natural health and strength of the teeth. However, there is still a debate regarding whether a patient should go for the root canal or he/she should consider getting a dental implant.

The debate revolves around some complicated aspects of both kinds of treatment. Thus, this article is not aimed at ending this debate. However, it should help clarify certain aspects in the minds of the people who want to choose between a dental implant and a root canal.

Root canal

Root canal treatment mainly involves drilling on the top of the tooth to gain access to the tooth’s inner portion called pulp. The main purpose of this treatment is to remove the infected pulp in order to save the tooth and the jawbone. The infected pulp is removed through the drilled hole. After the pulp is removed, the tooth is cleaned and disinfected. Then it is filled by an inert material. The hole is then sealed. Sometimes, a crown may be required to restore normal function and look of the tooth.

This treatment is successful 95 – 99 percent of times.

Dental implant

In case the tooth is compromised due to trauma or tooth decay, it may need to be removed. The removed tooth is than replaced by a dental implant which consists of a metal root and a ceramic crown on the top of the root. If jawbone is not healthy enough to support the implant, the dentist may recommend a bone grafting procedure prior to implantation. The root is inserted in the area of lost tooth with the help of a surgical process. The metal root or implant is inserted in the hole and is left to fuse with the jawbone. After the bone is properly fused with the implant, the implant becomes permanent part of your jaw and is ready to provide desired functionality.

Pros and cons

The pros and cons of both treatments cannot be generalized because each case is different. For some people, any particular treatment may not end up delivering the pitfalls it is generally perceived to deliver. And in certain cases, a treatment may not be as beneficial as it is generally considered to be. Nevertheless, there are some basic pros and cons that are worth mentioning.

  • Implantation is essentially a process of embedding a foreign object in the mouth of the patient. So the risk of infection is always there.
  • In any case, natural teeth, in healthy state, are perfect for proper biting.
  • Implant can be 3 times costlier as compared to root canal treatment.
  • It will take a month or less for the root canal procedure to be completed.
  • A dental implant treatment may take more than 5 months to complete.

In this scenario, it is very important to make an informed choice about the treatment that you should get.